Cigarette use (%) a
|Last 30 days||48||9||76|
b Percentage of students having been intoxicated at least once in the last 30 days.
In all ESPAD countries except Iceland (35 %), over half of the students have drunk alcohol at least once during their lifetime (Table 6). The ESPAD average was 80 % (range: 35-96 %). The highest rates of lifetime alcohol prevalence (93 % or more) were found in the Czech Republic, Greece and Hungary. In addition to Iceland, countries with relatively low rates (60 % or less) were Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Norway. Large differences between boys and girls were observed in Albania (71 % versus 51 %), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (64 % versus 51 %) and Montenegro (83 % versus 72 %). A higher proportion for girls than boys was found in Belgium (Flanders) (83 % versus 77 %).
Last 30 days
Overall, 48 % of the students in the ESPAD countries had consumed alcohol during the 30 days prior to the survey. In Austria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark and Greece, two thirds (66 %) or more had done so. A particularly low prevalence rate was reported from Iceland (9 %). All of the Nordic countries except Denmark reported relatively low rates (below 40 %). This was also the case for Albania, Estonia, the Faroes, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ireland, Lithuania and Ukraine. On average, more boys than girls have drunk alcohol during the 30 days prior to the survey. Countries with particularly large gender differences in this direction (18-20 percentage points) were Albania, Georgia, Montenegro and Romania. In four countries, more girls than boys (5 percentage points and more) reported alcohol use during the last 30 days (Sweden, the Faroes, Monaco and Norway).
An average of 13 % of students reported having been intoxicated during the last 30 days. Denmark had the highest prevalence at almost one third of the students (32 %). Countries with levels of 10 % or less were Albania, Estonia, the Faroes, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, Greece, Iceland, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Portugal, Sweden and Ukraine. On average, slightly more boys (13 %) than girls (12 %) reported that they had been intoxicated during the 30 days prior to the survey, with the highest differences in Cyprus (19 % for boys and 10 % for girls), Romania (16 % versus 7 %) and Montenegro (12 % versus 4 %). In the Faroes and Malta, noticeably more girls than boys reported intoxication.
Table 6. Alcohol use: prevalence of lifetime use, 30-day use and intoxication (percentage)Download XLS
|Country||Lifetime use||30-day use||Intoxication last 30 days||Lifetime use||30-day use||Intoxication|
|FYR Macedonia a||57||38||8||64||51||45||32||10||6|
a Official name former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.